His verdict on the matter is unqualified and clear: At heart a nature-worshipper, and by instinct a skeptic and non-believer, Camus nevertheless retained a lifelong interest and respect for Christian philosophy and literature.
A collection of essays on a wide variety of political topics ranging from the death penalty to the Cold War. Landmarks of World Literature Series. Hill and Wang, Doomed to eternal labor at his rock, fully conscious of the essential hopelessness of his plight, Sisyphus nevertheless pushes on.
Consequently, society brands him an outsider. After all, the Camus of the middle s had not yet witnessed and absorbed the shattering spectacle and disillusioning effects of the Spanish Civil War, the rise of Fascism, Hitlerism, and Stalinism, the coming into being of total war and weapons of mass destruction, and the terrible reign of genocide and terror that would characterize the period However, instead of executing him for murdering a fellow human being, an Arab whose countrymen would eventually overthrow French domination unless the colons made restitution for their injustice and treated the Arab inhabitants as equals, the prosecuting attorney, judge, and jury are determined to convict and execute Meursault for asocial impropriety, the unrelated "crime" of putting his mother in a nursing home and not showing sufficient grief at her funeral, i.
Set in a seedy bar in the red-light district of Amsterdam, the work is a small masterpiece of compression and style: Thus, it is among the most important events in The Stranger.
La messe qui consacre chaque jour cette divinite est la vraie forme du theatre religieux en Occident.
In line with this theme, the ever-ambiguous Meursault in The Stranger can be understood as both a depressing manifestation of the newly emerging mass personality that is, as a figure devoid of basic human feelings and passions and, conversely, as a lone hold-out, a last remaining specimen of the old Romanticism—and hence a figure who is viewed as both dangerous and alien by the robotic majority.
For that reason, he rejected blatantly atheistic or anti-religious positions Rather than expressing his own feelings either secretly to the reader or openly to the others characters he only comments to the reader about the others at the funeral.
However, by raising the issue, the director implies that perhaps Meursault has done something wrong. I have always seen the faces around me take on an expression of pity at the sight of a man between two policemen. Lyrical and Critical Essays.
He also enjoyed sports, especially soccer, of which he once wrote recalling his early experience as a goal-keeper: Camus rejects this choice as cowardly.
Only this time his primary concern is not suicide but murder. In his view human existence necessarily includes an essential core element of dignity and value, and in this respect he seems surprisingly closer to the humanist tradition from Aristotle to Kant than to the modern tradition of skepticism and relativism from Nietzsche to Derrida the latter his fellow-countryman and, at least in his commitment to human rights and opposition to the death penalty, his spiritual successor and descendant.
In their own way, both Meursault and the Arab he killed were innocent men, and there is no convincing way to justify their deaths. For example, John Cruickshank, observing that Camus was denounced more often during his lifetime as anti-Marxist than anti-Christian, argues that he sensed the "appetite for divinity" in human beings.
Meursault identifies with his mother and believes that she shared many of his attitudes about life, including a love of nature and the capacity to become accustomed to virtually any situation or occurrence.
The novel propelled him into immediate literary renown. He identifies with the colons, even to the extent of drinking excessive amounts of alcohol, in order to sacrifice himself for them.
This is a personal chronicle… Meursault is writing a chronicle of death Viggiani It runs counter to what, in the crowd, is an utterly Manichean vision: He is a writer passionate in his conviction that life ought to be lived vividly and intensely—indeed rebelliously to use the term that will take on increasing importance in his thought.
He also refuses to adhere to the accepted moral order of society. The response infuriates the Magistrate, his interrogator, whose belief in God amounts to unquestioned certainty upon which the meaning of his very existence absolutely depended: Meursault, the laconic narrator of The Stranger, is the most obvious example.
A further point of separation, and possibly a decisive one, is that Camus actively challenged and set himself apart from the existentialist motto that being precedes essence. It is not contrivance, but redundancy" [my translation].
He absorbed the announcement with mixed feelings of gratitude, humility, and amazement. Meursault only mentions him once more in the novel, informing the reader: I got a telegram from the home: He responded to the occasion with typical force and eloquence.
Perhaps the greatest inspiration and example that Camus provides for contemporary readers is the lesson that it is still possible for a serious thinker to face the modern world with a full understanding of its contradictions, injustices, brutal flaws, and absurdities with hardly a grain of hope, yet utterly without cynicism.
In reality, Meursault is to be executed for failing to cry for his mother, not for murder. Occasionally, Meursault indicates an acute awareness of Arab hostility toward the truculent white minority.Literature Study Guides The Stranger Context. The Stranger | Study Guide Albert Camus.
Study Guide Because of his atheism, he views any attempt to discover an overall meaning for life as ridiculous because it contradicts the basic meaninglessness and chaos of the universe.
standards. In this light Meursault can be seen as a champion of.
The Stranger by: Albert Camus Summary. Plot Overview When Raymond asks him to write a letter that will help Raymond torment his mistress, Meursault indifferently agrees because he “didn’t have any reason not to.” Aside from his atheism, Meursault makes few assumptions about the nature of the world around him.
However, his thinking. Religion. Camus was born a Catholic and ultimately became an atheist. Political Views. Camus dabbled in communism, but his existential philosophy led him to anarchism.
Meursault: Man or Monster? Religion in “the Stranger” According to the absurdist, religion is constructed by man in an attempt to create meaning to a senseless existence - Meursault: Man or Monster?Religion in “the Stranger” introduction. Acceptance of religion, of the possibility of an afterlife, would mean that man effectively escapes death.
A religious analysis of Mersault in the light of the whole book is that he is an atheist, who wouldn't waste his time on listening to the word of God. Acceptance of religion (and of the possibility of an afterlife) would mean that man effectively escapes death.
Absurdists think this is a super-destructive belief, because only the realization and acceptance of impending death allows man to live to his fullest.Download