Immigrants carry into the country of their adoption not only themselves, but the distinct personality combined with their own customs, associations and institutions.
For example, if the facilities provided by technological developments are extended to the backward society or to the backward classes in society, spiral developments will take place.
People inhabiting fertile plains fed by rivers, as in Bengal, will lead easy going lives because nature rewards his efforts of the minimum magnitude; and those who live under hard conditions of incommunicable mountains or rough deserts will apply their skill and experience to the possibilities of improving their living conditions under such difficult habitat.
This unified form is known as Indian culture. It commands a major voice in the political domain. It may be easier to study the impact of any isolated phenomenon as when we consider the effect of emancipation of women and the throwing open of all social opportunities and avenues to them.
This change can be felt even at the village levels. The study of eugenics seeks to establish the measure of transmission of genetic qualities from the parent to the child, and these studies become more complex with the growth of human groups and classes formed as a result of intermixture.
The lower classes, according to Veblen, are kept for toilsome occupations that involve special techniques. The liberated tenantry has now emerged as the powerful rural middle class.
The two classes are kept aloof from each other and hence two distinct cultures grow up in a society. In cities, caste no longer is dominant social identity through which people articulate their social intercourse. Now birth is no longer a criterion of role allocation.
Cloth is cut to suit the latest fashion of the West. The rural people entertain thoughts of having large families, while urban conditions necessarily keep the family in a small size. Contemporary fictions and stories are full of romanticism, realism and intellectualism, of the Western World.
Social values and customs to a considerable extent condition the birth and the death rates in any society. These complexities find no discussion and analysis with deterministic theories like those that are propounded by Marx and Veblen. True it is that society changes and that it is an ever-changing phenomenon, but no sociologist has yet found out any method of correctly forecasting the nature and the direction of such change and the different periods at which altering forces would be set in operation.
Today, women have become aware of their rights. Thus various substructures adapted themselves to suit the changing needs of the social structure.
McLung Lee writes in his New Outline of the Principles of Sociology that no social change can be regarded as a fundamental alteration of social conditions.
The former has referred to the working of education against the joint family in two ways: Only during the Mauryan time, Indian architecture began to develop. Finally, under the British rule, a new transformation came about in the Indian economy.
The factors of change have affected the social institutions, but the intuitions are still existing and gradually make adaptation with the changing word. Some writers observe that social changes occur at a pace that is faster than that of geographical changes.
Detachment from cultural heritage, institutions and customs has not been favourable to Indians. From new agricultural techniques, therefore, society has advanced the shape of technology in superfast forms of communications and in the reliance upon atomic science for the purpose.
Even some tendency towards nuclearity is also to be witnessed. These themes continued to be dominant in the Indian society till the contact with the British.
Such features are increasing now explosive population, increasing disorganization at all levels, crass materialism coupled with religiosity but without morality, increase in sophisticated crimes and socio-economic crimes, etc.
Each institution has some social roots.Article shared by. Eighteenth century India and today’s India: but a contrast! On the one hand we have a stagnating traditional culture and society, in fact in a state of decadence not witnessed before decadence condemned by most modern Indian from Ram Mohan Roy on words.
In the presidential address to the Indian Sociological Society (), Yogendra Singh observed: Major occupational and techno-cultural changes have taken place in our society due to the political, social and economic developments.
These changes have promoted linkages and interactions among castes, tribes, religious groups and cultural regions. Essay # 3. Features of Social Structure of Indian Society: India has been a country where numerous groups migrated from Asia and Europe.
The social structure of Indian society is characterised by diversities and unity. But over the time, culture of each group has undergone changes and has become the part of Indian society culture.
A society either enlarges or gets smaller, changes its demographic contours, or even its geographic boundaries, but these changes do not alter its identity. A living society continually changes in response to developments in the natural and social environment, and also through the behavior of its members.
It's terrible to theink theat just 62 years ago, America was a friendly society. And of course, "times have changed", and new generations bring new morals and values. But it changes whenever new forces of transformation emerge. Similar is the case of Indian society and culture.
India is an agrarian country and three-fourth of her population is engaged in agriculture. Agricultural economy forms the material basis for Indian people.
It determines India's social organization and institutional matrix.Download