What created the feudal system? While Fulcher of Chartres records Urban as saying, "Christ commands it," there is no record that the pope received a direct command from God one would expect that a vision or other sign would have been prominently featured in the pope's speechso presumably he meant the crusade was in line with Christ's commands and teachings in the Bible.
This obedience would have been the more readily forth- coming if Urban had sought it, not merely for such help to Byzantium as Anselm had earlier so unfavourably regarded, but for an iter Hierosolimi- Hugh of Flavigny, Chronicon, ii, M.
But Roderic expressly says that Urban sent Bernard back because clerks should not desert their churches. A political system in western Europe, Whereby a king grants lands, in exchange for loyalty, and military protection.
When they wish to torture people by a base death, they perforate their navels, and dragging forth the extremity of the intestines, bind it to a stake; then with flogging they lead the victim around until the viscera having gushed forth the victim falls prostrate upon the ground.
Schott, ii Frankfurt, The fear of hell and purgatory shaped the lives of Christians. He may also have been responding to the call for military help from Alexius, the Byzantine Why did pope urban ii call.
Jerusalem comes right to the fore, so that Urban was concerned only with it and its liberation: The lords offered protection What started the Hundred Years' War? Its origin is linked both with the political situation in Catholic Christendom, including the political and social situation in 11th-century Europe, the rise of a reform movement within the papacy as well as the military and religious confrontation of Christianity and Islam in the East.
Anselm twice said that he acted in con- sultation and agreement with King William 11, who was however absent and beyond easy communication when he actually wrote. However, aroundthe crusaders moved from offense to defense, and stayed there until This was known as the investiture contest.
As he envisaged it, it was essentially the self-dedication oblutio of the knights who had set out for Jerusalem in order to liberate the enslaved part of Christendom.
Having been commissioned by Pope Urban II to preach a crusade, the Hermit traversed all Italy and France, addressing everywhere, in the church, in the street, and in the open field, the crowds that flocked about him, moving all hearts with sympathy or firing them with indignation, as he recited the sufferings of their brethren at the hands of the infidels, or pictured the profanation of the holy places, polluted by the presence and insults of the unbelievers.
Bruel, v Paris,nos. We now hold out to you wars which contain the glorious reward of martyrdom, which will retain that title of praise now and forever. Of these writers, the four earliest wrote as though they had been present at Clermont ; Fulcher, and perhaps the other three, may well have been.
It describes how, towards the beginning of Lentthe Roman Pope came to Anjou and urged its people to go to Jerusalem and subdue the race of the heathen who had seized that city and all the land of the Christians up to Constantinople.
Persecution of Christians and even Jews was not uncommon, but that did not stop western pilgrims from travelling to and from the Holy Land.
Riley-Smith has shown that this was not always the case. Historians should reserve this term for campaigns that broadly satisfied the juridical categories which later canonists were to devise: Historians have argued that the desire to impose Roman church authority in the east may have been one of the goals of the crusade,  although Urban II, who launched the First Crusade, never refers to such a goal in his letters on crusading.
Among the early Christians it was thought a pious and meritorious act to undertake a journey to some sacred place.
Were the Crusades justified? If, moreover, there are any of your people whom God has inspired to this vow, let them know that he Adhemar will set out with the aid of God on the day of the Assumption of the Blessed Mary, and that they can then attach themselves to his following.
If Jerusalem came into the picture, it did so secondarily and not necessarily as a military objective. Many people had died, leaving the emperor unable to protect the pilgrims and his people from Muslim raids. As Thomas Asbridge writes, "the fall of Nicaea was a product of the successful policy of close co-operation between the crusaders and Byzantium.
If they did so, their departures from Urbans own words may well have been considerable. There was division between the Latin church in the west and the Greek church in the east.
Others they bind to a post and pierce with arrows. But there is nothing stronger to support it than an interpretation of the letter to the Flemings which probably understates the place of Jerusalem in it. In the early summer ofthe first large unruly group arrived on the outskirts of Constantinople.
Such is Erdmanns powerfully argued thesis. Pope Urban II himself was one of the chief speakers. There can be no doubt that the response to Urbans preaching greatly ex- ceeded his expectations.
The purpose of pilgrimage was penitential:Pope Urban II was born as Otto or Odo de Lagery about in France. He was elected pope on March 12, He pursued the reform movement started by Pope Gregory VII and the conflict with Emperor Henry IV over the appointment of church officials.
Odo of Lagery (or Chatillan) was elected pope in and took the name Urban II. He studied under St. Bruno, the founder of the Carthusians, and was a monk at.
Why did Pope Urban II call for the First Crusade? How did he convince the Frankish nobles to fight? Who was Saladin? Why do you think that Saddam Hussein often called himself "The New Saladin?" How was the motive for the Fourth Crusade different from the ones that preceded it?
Why did the crusaders fail to achieve their objectives?. Sep 23, · The First Crusade was called by Pope Urban II in in response to an urgent plea for help from the Byzantine emperor in Constantinople.
Urban called the knights of Christendom to come to the aid of their eastern brethren. In the year ofPope Urban II started what we know as the Holy Wars or the Crusades. Over the period froma series of military expeditions were fought to take back the Holy Land, Jerusalem, from the Seljuk Turks.
I, or rather the Lord, beseech you as Christ's heralds to publish this everywhere and to persue all people of whatever rank, foot-soldiers and knights, poor and rich, to carry aid promptly to those Christians and to destroy that vile race from the lands of our friends.Download